Drug addiction is a disease that causes long term changes in the brain that's characterized by an uncontrollable urge to seek out and use drugs despite knowledge of all the harmful consequences. These adjustments in the mind can prompt to the hurtful practices found in individuals who take drugs. Substance dependency is also a relapsing illness. Relapse is the reoccurrence to drug use after an endeavour to stop.
Addiction starts when the decision to take drugs is first made. However, as time passes, an individual's ability to decide not to use drugs weakens. Seeking out and using drugs becomes an obsession. The increased length of time that the person's brain relies on drugs to function is the cause of this. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.
The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.
Is There Treatment For Drug Dependency?
Yes, yet it's not simple. Since dependency is a chronic illness, individuals cannot just quit using the substances for a day or two and be cured of it. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.
Enslavement treatment must help the individual to the accompanying:
stop using the substances
stay drug free
be profitable in the family, at work and in the public arena
Standards Of Effective Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program:
Addiction is a complicated, chronic disease that affects the brain and behaviour, but it is treatable.
No exclusive treatment is correct for everybody.
Treatment should be made available to people whenever they need it.
To be successful, the treatment plan should not focus on the addiction only but the whole person.
Adhering to treatment sufficiently long is critical.
The most frequently used forms of treatment are counselling and other behavioural therapies.
A crucial part of treatment is medication, particularly when combined with behavioural therapy.
A treatment plan must be evaluated frequently and adapted to suit the changing requirements of the patient.
Other possible mental disorders should be considered during treatment.
The first stage, medically assisted detoxification, is only the beginning of treatment.
Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
When in treatment, possible drug use must be constantly monitored.
Treatment projects ought to test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and different chronic infections in addition show them about strides they can go for broke of these illnesses.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
detoxification (the process through which drug is expelled from the body)
medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse
Using a wide range of treatments tailored to the needs of the patient is a key to success.
During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Often, community or family based recovery groups or support systems are used as part of follow up care.
How Are Medications Used In Drug Addiction Treatment?
Administered under professional supervision, prescription medicines are used to help the patient ease into a life without the effects of the drug, stop cravings and manage associated ailments.
Withdrawal During a detox, medication can assist in suppressing withdrawal symptoms. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. Those who stop at detox will most likely relapse into drug abuse again. One research of treatment centres found that drugs were utilized as a part of just about 80 percent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Relapse Prevention Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Scientists are also currently developing additional medications to treat addiction to marijuana and stimulants, like cocaine and methamphetamines. Individuals who utilize more than one drug, which is extremely normal, require treatment for the majority of the substances they utilise.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Patients are helped by behavioural therapy with:
change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
Upturn healthy life abilities
Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
Outpatient behavioural treatment involves different programs designed for patients with an organised calendar of regular meetings with a counsellor for behavioural health. The majority of the programmes incorporate group or one-to-one substance counselling or both these forms.
Other forms of behavioural therapy available in these program include:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
Motivational interviewing has been used to prepare a patient to accept their problem and wants to change their actions by seeking help
motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
Treatment is once in awhile escalated at to begin with, where patients go to numerous outpatient sessions every week. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
Inpatient or private treatment can likewise be extremely compelling, particularly for those with more serious issues (including co-happening conditions). A licensed inpatient treatment centre provides round-the-clock, structured and comprehensive care, that includes safe accommodation as well as medical attention. Inpatient treatment facilities can use many therapeutic approaches and are usually working toward assisting the patient after treatment to maintain a drug free, crime free lifestyle.
Benefits of taking an inpatient treatment programme:
Therapeutic communities where patients are domiciled in a residence mostly for 6 to 12 months, undergoing programs that are streamlined. The whole community, everyone from the staff to the patients in recovery, act as agents of change, helping to change every patient's attitude, understanding, and behaviour toward drug use.
Residential treatment that is shorter term usually focuses on detoxification and beginning focused therapy in preparation for follow up in a community based setting.
There are also recovery housing services aimed at giving a patient a place to stay in the short term as they recuperate from treatment in other establishments. Recuperation housing can help individuals make the move to a free life, for instance, helping them figure out how to manage funds or look for business and also interfacing them to bolster services in the group.
Challenges Of Re-Entry
Drug misuse changes the capacity of the mind and numerous things can "trigger" drug longings inside the brain. It is key for patients in treatment, particularly those treated at prison or inpatient facilities, to learn how to identify, steer clear of, and deal with triggers that they are most likely to experience after treatment.