A symptom is something the patient senses and depicts, while a sign is something other individuals, for example, the specialist take notice of. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.
Substance reliance - when a man is dependent on a substance, for example, a medication, liquor or nicotine, they are not ready to control the utilization of that substance. Though these may be dangerous to them, they go ahead with alcohol consumption (the possible dangers may or may not be clear to the person)
Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.
The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.
Some of the symptoms and signs of drug dependence can include:
Unsuccessful attempts at stopping - the person taking the substance, like nicotine, alcohol, or other drugs, has made at least on serious try at stopping and was unable to.
Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. Other signs are an uncontrollable need to take the drug, short temper, irritability, short temper, loss of concentration, hopelessness, lack of purpose, annoyance, rage, offense, and animosity.
The person's appetite may suddenly go high. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. Example is a smoker turning down a meeting with friends in an environment that is smoke free or an alcohol addict refusing to attend a profitable social gathering that does not involve alcohol.
Keeping stock - Addicts always stock up on drugs to make sure they have a decent supply even if it costs more than they can afford. To ensure that the substance is as abundant as possible, sacrifices may be made to the household's budget.
Dangers of Addiction (1) - An addict may go to any lengths including risking their lives by stealing or prostituting to get money or drugs.
Taking risks (2) - whilst under the influence of certain drugs, addicts might participate in high-risk activities, like driving at high speeds.
Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Loneliness and secrecy - in several instances addicts might use the substance on their own, or even secretly.
Lack of acceptance - Many people addicted people refuse to accept. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. Some consequences to this are blacking out and not being able to remember periods of time and even physical symptoms, like the presence of a persistent cough or sore throat in a heavy smoker.
Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The individual may swallow drinks down with a specific end goal to get plastered and after that vibe great.
Clashing with the law - this is more typical of certain alcohol and drug dependencies (e.g. not nicotine). This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
Financial issues - when the substance is not cheap, the addict might give up a lot to ensure his/her supply is stable. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
Relationship issue; these are more normal in drug/liquor fixation.
Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.